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Below is the list of Historical references used on Tripoli-Lebanon.com , All Rights reserved to the writers and publishers listed for their work and research .

Main Reference : NINA JIDEJIAN , Tripoli Through the Ages , Dar El-Mashreq Publishers , Beirut

Classical Sources

Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri I and II. Trans. E. 111ff Robson. London: W. Heinemann, 1929-1933, reprinted 1954 (The Loch Classical Library).

Diodorus Siculus. Diodorus of Sicily, I, VI, VIII, IX. Trans. Charles L. Sherman and Cf-I. Oldfather, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1954-1963 (The Loch Classical Library).

Herodotus. The Histories I-IV. Trans. AD. Oodley. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957-1963 (The Loch Classical Library).

Holy Bible, London: Thomas Nelson and Sons, Ltd. (Revised Edition), 1952.

Josephus, Flavius. "Jewish Antiquities", Josephus V and VII Trans. H. St. .1. Thacketay and Ralph Marcus. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1950-1961 (The Loch Classical Library).

— ‘The Jewish War". Josephus II. Trans. H. St. 5. Thackeray. Cambridge; Harvard University Press, 1957 (The Loeb Classical Library).

Orientis Graeci Inscriptiones S’electae (ed.) WiIheIn,us Dittenberger. Leip4g: S. l-Iirzel, 1905, pp. 278-280. Graeci Inscriptiones S’electae (ed.) WiIheIn,us Dittenberger. Leip4g: S. l-Iirzel, 1905, pp. 278-280.

Pliny the Elder. Natural History 1. Trans. H. Rackham and W~H.S. Jones.

Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957 (The Loeb Classical Library).

Polybius. The Histories III and V Trans. W.R. Paton. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960 (The Loch Classical Library).

Strabo. TIte Geography of Strabo V and VII Trans. Horace Leonard Jones. Cambridge Harvard University Press, 1954 (The Loch Classical Library).

Pseudo-Aristotle.Directions and Names qf the Winds 973a12-973b7. (ed.) W.S. Hett, Aristotle: Minor Works (Loeb series) 1936.

Quintus Curtius: History of Alexander land 11. Trans. John C. Rolfe, Cambridge:

Harvard University Press 1956 (The Loeb Classical Library).

Theophrastus, Inquiry into Plants I and 11. Trans. Sir Arthur Hon Cambridge:

Harvard University Press, 1916 (The Loch Classical Library).

Vitrnvius. The Ten Books on Architecture. Trans. Morris Hicky Morgan. New York: Dover Publications Inc., 1960.

Medieval Sources

Antoninus of Placentia. Itinerary. (ed.) J. Gildemeister. Berlin: 1889. See also "Of the Holy Places Visited by Antoninus Martyr about the year 570", Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society [1(1897).

Abou’l Feda. Résumé do l’histoire des croisades tire des annales d’Abou’l Feda". Recueil des historiens des croisades I (orientaux) 1872.

Albert d’Aix (Alberti Aquensis) "Historia Hierosolyn,itana". Recueil des historiens des croisades IV (occidentaux), 1879.

Baládhuri. Kitdb Futtih al Bulddn in Guy Le Strange, Palestine Under the Moslems.

London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1890.

Bar Kala’i, Gabriel. Poème &ur Ia chute do Tripoli le 27 avril 1289, Archives de l’Orient Latin 11(1884), pp. 462466 (reprinted Bruxelles:Cultureet Clviiisation, 1964).

Behfl ed-Din (Abou’l Mehacen Youssof known as Ibn Cheddad). ‘Anecdotes et beaux traits do la vie du Sultan Youssef (Salah ed-Din)". Recueil des histori ens des croisades III (orientaux), 1884.

Burchard of Mount Sion. "A Description of the Holy Land, AD. 1280", Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society XII, fasc. 1 (1897)

Chronique d’Ernoul et de Bernard ie Tresorier. (ed.) ML. de Maslatrie, Societe do l’Histoire do France, XXXV, Paris, 1871.

Dimashki Kitdb Nukhbat al-dahr. Guy Le Strange. Palestine Under the Moslems.

London: Alexander Watt, 1890.

Gujllauxne do Tyr (William of Tyre). "Historia Hierosolymitana". Recueil des historiens des croisades 1~ panic (occidentaux) 1844.

"Analyse chronologique do G illaume de Tyr et do sos continuateurs". Recueit des historiens des croisades (occidentaux) 1859.

lbn al-Athir. Kamel al-Tevarykh. Recueil des historiens des croisades I (orientaux),

1872.

Ibn Batñtah. Tuhfat al-Nundr. Guy Le Strange. Palestine Under the Moslems.

London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1890.

 

Jim al-Fakih. Kitdb al Bulddn. Guy Le Strange. Palestine Under the Moslems.

London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1890.

Ibn al-Qalanisi 163-164. Franscesco Gabrieli (ed). Arab Historians of the Crusades. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1969.

Idrist. Nuzat al-Mushtak 17. Guy LeStrange. Palestine Under the Moslems.

London: Alexander Watt, 1890.

[mad ed-Din quoted by Abou Shamnah. "Livre des Deux ]ardins". Recueil des histori ens des croisades IV (orientaux), 1898.

Istakhri. Guy LeStrange. Palestine Under the Moslems. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1890.

Jacques de Vitry. ‘History of Jerusalem", Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society XI (1897).

Kemal ed-Din. Histoire d’Alep. Trans. E. Blochet. Revue de l’Orient Latin, Vols. [[-VI (1895-1898).

"L’Estoire de Eracles Empereur et Ia conquête de Ia terre d’outrerner".Recueil des historiens des croisades II (occidentaux), 1859. (Continuation of the history of Guillaume de Tyr (William of Tyre) in old French).

"Les Gestes des Chiprois". Recueil des historiens des croisades. Documents Arrnéniens II, 1906, Book II "Estoire de Ia Guerre" No 98, 110, 114 et "Chronique de Terre Sainte" No 26, Book III, NO 385, 467, 469 and 475.

"En Lignages d’outremer". Assises de Jerusalem II. RecueÜ des historiens des croisades. Lois II (occidentaux), 1841 -1843

Makrizi, Taki-eddin Ahmed. Histoire d’Egypte. Trans. E. Blochet. Revue de l’Orient Latin V1-IX (1898-1902). Another edition of this work is found in Histoire des Sultans Mamlouks I and II. Trans. M. Quatremère. Paris: Printed for the Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland, 1845.

al-Mukaddasi. Palestine Under the Moslems. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1890.

Nassir-i-Khusrau. "Diary of aJourney through Syria and Palestine in A.D. 1047". Guy LeStrange, Palestine Under the Moslems. London 1890.

Nuwairi. Arab manuscript 1579, fO 23b. Joseph T. Reinaud. Extraits des historiens arabes relatifs aux guerres des croisades, Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1829.

Phocas, Joannes. "Description of the Holy Land", Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society V (1889).

Raymond d’Agiles. "Historia Francorum". .Recueil des historiens des croisades III (occidentaux) 1866.

Sibt Ibn eI-Djeuzi. "Mirflt ez-Zemân". Recueil des historiens des croisades III (orientaux) 1884.

al-balqachandi Abou’l-Abbâs Ahmed. Sub/i al-/Pc/id. Gaudefroy-Demombynes. La Sync a l’Epoque des Mamlouks. Paris: Librairic Orientaliste Paul Geuthncr, 1923. (Ribliothègue Arc/iSo? ogique et Histonique Ill).

Theodoret. ‘Religiosa historia" XVI and XXI. Jacques Paul Migne. Patnologiae Graeca LXXXII, col. 1419.

Theodoricl-t. "Theodorich’s Description of the Holy Places", Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society V (1897).

Theodosius. "On the Geography of the Holy Land". Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society 11(1886).

William of Tyre (see Guillautne de Tyr).

Va’kñbi 114. Guy LeStrange. Palestine Under the Moslems. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1890.

Zuallardo, Giovanni. IL devotissitno viaggio di Gierusalemme (MDLXXXVI)

Rotna: Domenico Basa, 1595.

 

Studies on Tripoli

Baldwin, Marshall Whithed. Raymond III of Tnipolis and the Fall of Jerusalem (1140-1187). Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1936.

Berchem, Max van et Fatio, Edmond. "Voyage en Syrie". Memoines, Institut franpais d’anchSologie onientale du Caine. (XXXVIII). Le Caire: Imprimerie de l’Institut français d’archeologie orientalc, 1914, pp. 116-130.

Saidah, Roger. ~Chronique*, BMB XX (1967), pp. 176-177.

Sauvaget, J. •Notes stir les defenses de Ia marine de Tripoli*, BMB 11(1938), pp.

1-25.

— •Notes stir quelques inscriptions arabes de Baalbek et de Tripoli ~, 8MB VII (1944-1945), pp. 7-11.

Schlun,berget, Daniel. "Gigarteni de vice Sidoniorum", Comptes-rendus, liendbnie des inscriptions a belles -lettres (1940), p. 335.

Schlurnberger, Gustave. Numismatique tie l’Orient Latin. Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1878 (Crusader coins of Tripoli, pp. 94-107).

Schlunberger, Gustave, Ferdinand Chalandon, Adrien Blanchet, Sigillographie de l’Orient Latin. Paris: Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1943. (List of the coumfls of Tripoli, pp. 58-63).

Sobernheini, Moritz. Sync dv Nord. Mathiaux pour un Corpus Inscniptionum Arabicarutn (Deuxieme partie, ICr fascicule). Mbnoires, Jnstitut Français d’Archdologie Orientate du Caine XXV (1909), pp. 36-139.

General Works

Albright, William F. "The Phoenician Inscriptions of the Tenth Century B.C. from Byblos*, JAOS LXVII (1947), pp. 153-160.

Asmar, Camille. ~L’Abbaye de Belmont, dite Dicr e1-Ba1amend~, 8MB XXV (1972), pp. 11-47.

Baedeker, Karl. Palestine et Sync. Leipzig: Karl Baedclrer, 1906.

Barag, B. "The Effects of the Tennes Rebellion on Palestine", RASOR (1966), pp. 6-7.

Berchem, Max van. ~Notcs sur les croisades~, Journal Asiatique XIX (1902), 9~ série, pp. 384456.

— MCrnoires, Jnstitut franpais d’archeologie orientate dv Caire XXV, Mattniaux pour Un Corpus Jnscniptionunt Arabicarutn, 2e panic: Moritz Sobernheimn, ~Syric dn Nord~ Le Caire: 1909.

— Max van Berchem et Fatio, Edmond. ~Voyage en Syrie ~. Mémoires, lnstitut français d’archeologie dv Caine XXXVIII, Le Caire: 1914, pp. 116-130.

Breycha-Vauthier, AD. "Deir Balamend: Temnoin de Citeaux en terre libanaise*, BMfl XX (1967), pp. 1-20.

Brown, John Painnan. Lebanon and Phoenicia I. Beirut: National Le~anese Printing Press, 1969.

Cary, M. A History of the Greek World from 323 to 146 B.C. London: Methuen and Co., Ltd. 1932 (reprinted 1959).

A History of Rome 2nd ed. London: MacMillan and Co. Ltd., 1960. A History of Rome 2nd ed. London: MacMillan and Co. Ltd., 1960.

Charles-Roux, François. Les Echelles de Sync et de Palestine. Paris: 1928 (Bibtiothêque Archéologique a Historique X).

ChCbli, Michel. Fakhreddin 11 Moan, Prince dv Liban 15 72-1635. Beyrouth, Impnitnerie Catholique, 1946.

Clugnet, Leon. ~Vie de Sainte Manine~ (Latin text), pp. 357-358; (Greeck text) pp. 572-592, Revue de i’Orient Chrétien VI, Paris: A. Picard ct Fils, 1901.

Daou Boutros: 1. TarikhO Al-Mawarina Al-dint wal siassi wal Hadari. (4 vols patus). Beyrouth — Dar An-Nahar puis Impninxerie Pauliste (Jounieh) 19701977).

Deschamps, Paul. Au temps des Croisades. Paris: Hachette, 1972.

Dib, Pierre. Histoire de l’Eglise Maronite. Mélanges et Documents I. Beyrouth:

Editions ~La Sagesse ~, Archevéch4 Maronite de Beyrouth, 1962.

Diringer, David. Writing. London: Thames and Hudson, 1962, pp. 114-121.

DuCange, C. du Fresne. Les families d’Outre-Mer. (rev.) E.G. Rcy. Paris: 1869 (Documents inédits, II).

Dussaud, René. Topographic historique deja Sync antique a mSdiévale. Paris: 1927 (Riblioth~que ArchSologique et Histonique IV).

Enlart, Camille. Les Monuments des Croisés dons ie Royaume de Jerusalem:

Architecture Ret igieuse et Civile, Paris: 1925-1928 (Bibiiothéque Archéologique et Historigue II). Architecture Ret igieuse et Civile, Paris: 1925-1928 (Bibiiothéque Archéologique et Historigue II).

— .L’Abbaye cistercienne de Belmont en Syriet Syria IV (1923), pp. 1-22.

Gabnieli, Francesco (ed). Arab Historians of the Crusades. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1969.

Galling, K. Studien zur Geschichte Israels im persischen Zeitaiter. Tubingen, 1964. Gaudefroy-Demombynes. La Synie ñ l’époque des Mameiouks. Paris: 1923

(Ribliothêque ArchSologique et Historique II). (Ribliothêque ArchSologique et Historique II).

Grousset, RenC. Histoire des Croisades et dii Royaume Franc de Jerusalem. Tome I, L’Ananchie Musuimane et la Monarchie Franque; Tome II, Monarchic Franque et Monarchie .Musulmane; i’Equuiibre, Paris: 1934-1935.

Guerin, Victor. La Terre Sainte, Liban-Phénicie (deuxième partie), Paris: Librairie Plon, 1884.

Hagennueyer, H. "Chronologie de Ia premiere croisade 1094-1100", Revue de l’Orient Latin VI (1898), reprinted Bruxelles: Culture et Civilisation, 1964.

Hill, George Francis. Catalogue of the Greek Coins of Phoenicia. London:

Longmans and Co., 1910.

Histoire anonyme de la premi~re croisade. Trans. Bréhier (Classiques de l’histoire de France au Moyen Age), 1924. Trans. Bréhier (Classiques de l’histoire de France au Moyen Age), 1924.

Hitti, Philip K. Lebanon in History from the Earliest Times to the Present. London:

1957.

Huxley, Julian. From an Antique Land. London Max Parrish, 1954.

Jalabert, Louis and Mouterde, RenC. ~Les reserves forestières impériales dans Ic Liban~, Mélanges IV (1910), pp. 201 -212.

Jalabert, Louis, Mouterde, René et MondCsert, Claude. Inscriptions grecques et latines de Ia Sync IV (1955). (Bibliothêque archéologique et historique LXI).

Jidejian, Nina. Byblos through the Ages 2nd ed. Beirut: Dar el-Mashreq, 1971.

Sidon through the Ages. Beirut: Dar el-Mashreq, 1970.

Tyre through the Ages. Beirut: Dar el-Mashreq, 1969.

Kent, Roland 0. Persian. New Haven: American Oriental Society, 1953.

Lebrun, Corneille. Voyage an Levant. Paris: Guillaume Cavelier, 1714.

LcStrange, Guy. Palestine Under the Moslems. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1890.

Masse, Henni.Essai sur le poête Saadi. Paris: Librairie Paul Guethner, 1919.

Mendel, Gustave. Catalogue des Sculptures 1. Constantinople: 1912-1914.

Michaud et Poujoulat. Correspondance d’Orient (1830-1831) III Bruxelles: N.J. GrCgoite, V. Wouters et Cie, 1841.

Mouterde, René. <Les insctiptions d’Adrien a Tarchich et au Wadi Brissa~, Mélanges XXXIV (1957), pp. 230-234.

Nantet, Jacques. Histoire dv Liban. Paris: les Editions de Minuit, 1963.

Nau, F. ~Histoire de Sainte Marine qui vCcut sous des habits d’homrne an couvent de Kanonbine, siege patriarcal des Maronites (Sytiac text), pp. 283-289, Revue de l’Orient Chrétien VI, Paris: A. Picard et Fils, 1901.

 

Noss, John B. Man’s Religions, rev. ed. New York: MacMillan Company, 1956. Oppenheim, A. Leo. ‘~Assyrian and Babylonian Historical Texts". (cd.) James B.

Pritchard. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament 2nd ed.

Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1955.

— "Egyptian Myths, Tales and Mortuary Texts’. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament 2nd, ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press,

1955.

Plassard, Jacques. si. <Crise séisniique au Liban dn 1V~ au VI~ siêcle~. Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph XLIV (1968), pp. 10-20.

Pritchard, James B. (ed.) Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton Univetsity Press, 1955.

Reinaud, Joseph Toussaint. Extraits des historiens arabes relatifs aux guerres des croisades. Paris: Imprirnerie Royale, 1929.

Renan, Ernest. Mission de Phenicie. Paris: Imprimerie Imperiale, 1864.

Robinson, Edward. Biblical Researches in Palestine and in the Adjacent Regions. 3 vols. with maps. Boston: 1856.

Rohricht, Reinhold. Geschichte des Konigreichs Jerusalem (1100-1291). Innsbruck:

1898.

Rey, Guillaume. "Les seigneurs de Giblet~. Revue de l’Orient Latin III (1895), p.

399.

Runcirnan, Steven. History of the Crusades I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1951.

Schlumberger, Gustave. Numismatique de l’Orient Latin. Paris: Ernest LeRoux, 1878.

 
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